Enseignement de l'anglais/Les contractions

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auxiliaire BE[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme affirmative (+)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I am I'm
he is he's
we are we're

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I am not I'm not
he is not he isn't
he's not
we are not we aren't
I was not I wasn't
we were not we weren't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

am I not ? aren't I ? (populaire)
ain't I ? (populaire)
is he not ? isn't he ?
are we not ? aren't we ?
was I not ? wasn't I ?
were we not ? weren't we ?

auxiliaire HAVE[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme affirmative (+)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I have I've
he has he's
we have we've
I had I'd

Attention:

He is = He's - Correct

He has eaten all the cookies = He's eaten all the cookies - Correct

He has a big pack of cookies = He's a big pack of cookies - Incorrect

Vous pouvez contracter HAVE/HAS seulement quand c'est un auxiliaire.

Pas quand c'est verbe pour la possession.

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I have not I haven't
he has not he hasn't
we have not we haven't
I had not I hadn't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

have I not ? haven't I ?
has he not ? hasn't he ?
have we not ? haven't we ?
had I not ? hadn't I ?

auxiliaire DO[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I do not I don't
he does not he doesn't
he didn't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

do I not ? don't I ?
does he not ? doesn't he ?
didn't he ?

auxiliaire SHALL / WILL[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme affirmative (+)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I shall I'll
he will he'll

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I shall not I shan't
he will not he won't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

shall I not ? shan't I ?
will he not ? won't he ?


auxiliaire SHOULD / WOULD[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme affirmative (+)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I should Ne se contracte pas
he would he'd
I should have I should've
he would have he would've

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I should not I shouldn't
he would not he wouldn't
I should not have I shouldn't have
he would not have he wouldn't have

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

should I not ? shouldn't I ?
would he not ? wouldn't he ?
should I not have ? shouldn't I have ?
would he not have ? wouldn't he have ?

auxiliaire CAN[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I cannot I can't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

can I not ? can't I ?

auxiliaire COULD[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I could not I couldn't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

could I not ? couldn't I ?

auxiliaire MUST[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I must not I mustn't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

must I not ? mustn't I ?

auxiliaire MIGHT[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

forme négative (-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

I might not I mightn't

forme interro-négative (?-)[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

might I not ? mightn't I ?